The word Philosophy comes from the
Ancient Greek φιλοσοφία (philosophia),
which literally means "love of wisdom".
more or less into three areas:-
Natural philosophy or science
The Wikipedia throws in separate branches and ignores Natural philosophy which gets called science now that it produces serious results. People argue about these things. I am taking my position. That is the way it is.
The theme of the piece that follows, The Ominous Parallels is that Germany went wrong because German philosophers went wrong. Further that America is going wrong for similar reasons. Doctor Peikoff who is a Jew does not mention that most of the influential philosophers are Jews with an agenda of hate. Franz Boas is just one example. It also implies en passant that those arguing are fundamentally stupid or just fundamentally wrong. But first some slightly different offerings:-
Truth has its uses. So do lies. The Main Stream Media are keen on lying by omission. It is easy to make excuses then.
The Age of Enlightenment was when science got taken seriously while religion started to wane.
Is about how our lives are organised. It is a fertile ground for dangerous fools. The politics of envy lead all too often.
The Ominous Parallels: A Brilliant Study of America Today - and the 'ominous parallels' with the chaos of pre-Hitler Germany by Leonard Peikoff
This book answers the plaguing question: How could it happen? How could ordinary people, seemingly decent Germans, turn into goose-stepping, Sieg-Heil-ing robots, eager to obey any orders, even to administer the "final solution"--the Holocaust?
This book answers those questions, and makes the rise of the Nazis finally intelligible. The cause, Dr. Peikoff demonstrates, lies in certain philosophic ideas--the anti-reason, anti-self, anti-freedom ideas that were already deeply imbued in German culture long before Hitler's rise.
If one were to compile a list of the most fanatically anti-reason philosophers since the Renaissance, almost every top figure--Kant, Hegel, Marx, Schopenhauer, Heidegger--would turn out to be German [ or Jew - Editor ].
This is not to say that German culture produced evil philosophers. Just the reverse: Germany's evil philosophers produced an evil culture. Men act on their ideas, and ideas originate somewhere. Fundamental ideas, ideas about morality, knowledge, reality, are originated by philosophers. The vast majority of people simply absorb gradually the ideas available to them in their culture. Thus, most people get their life-shaping ideas, indirectly, from the philosophers of their culture (with a time-lag for these ideas to seep down into the educational establishment, the media, the arts, etc.)...........
In regard to the U.S., Dr. Peikoff emphasizes the gulf between the pro-reason Aristotelian spirit of the people and the Kantian-Pragmatist philosophy of our intellectuals. This conflict is the source of the frequently noted anti-Americanism of American intellectuals. He points out that anti-Germanism was NOT a feature of the Weimar Republic (the period in which Hitler rose to power). There, the intellectuals and the people were united philosophically, and the intellectuals (e.g., Heidegger) lined up solidly in support of "Fatherland" and "Volk [ people ]."
The differences between Nazi, Fascist and communist are in the rhetoric and uniforms. The oppression and hate are the same. Marx was a follower of Hegel, a dismal rogue. So was Adolf.
Peikoff's first book, The Ominous Parallels, was both an Objectivist explanation of the rise of the Third Reich and the Holocaust, and a warning that America was being led down the road to totalitarianism because of far-reaching philosophical and cultural parallels between Weimar Germany and the present-day United States. In her "Introduction," Rand declared it to be the first book by an Objectivist philosopher other than herself.
Peikoff was a Jew, just like Ayn Rand [ Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum ]
Intellectuals Are Slobs
Karl Marx was just one such. Bertolt Brecht was another, a deeply unpleasant swine, one thought to wash some years, if not others.
Natural philosophy or the philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science. It is considered to be the precursor of natural sciences such as physics.
Natural science historically developed out of philosophy or, more specifically, natural philosophy. At older universities, long-established Chairs of Natural Philosophy are nowadays occupied mainly by physics professors. Modern meanings of the terms science and scientists date only to the 19th century. The naturalist-theologian William Whewell was the one who coined the term "scientist." The Oxford English Dictionary dates the origin of the word to 1834. Before then, the word "science" meant any kind of well-established knowledge and the label of scientist did not exist. Some examples of the application of the term "natural philosophy" to what we today would call "natural science" are Isaac Newton's 1687 scientific treatise, which is known as The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and Lord Kelvin and Peter Guthrie Tait's 1867 treatise called Treatise on Natural Philosophy which helped define much of modern physics.
Errors & omissions, broken links,
cock ups, over-emphasis, malice [ real or imaginary ] or whatever; if
you find any I am open to comment.
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Updated on 07/02/2015 12:11