There are people who want us to believe that Lenin was a great man. He was in his way, which was imposing dictatorship and mass murder. Stalin was not better at it; he merely did what Lenin would have given a few more years. Perhaps the most interesting thing about him is that the Russian Revolution in February 1917 happened when he and most subversives were out of the country. He went back from Zurich to take over and destroy a nascent democracy in the October Revolution which was in fact a Bolshevik coup d'ιtat.
Like all Communists he said that he was for the workers and peasants. Then along came Lenin's Hanging Order to murder Kulaks, that is 'rich' peasants. At least hundreds of thousands died as a result - see Numbers executed. Before that Vladimir Lenin Explained Farming. Was it a cruel joke or a proof of deeply sincere stupidity? At all events the kulaks wouldn't have seen anything to laugh at.
You might feel that the wonderful people running the Wiki would prefer to suppress this particular bit of history because it tells us about the ugly reality of a Marxist Saint.
And remember, where you have a concentration
of power in a few hands, all too frequently men with the mentality of gangsters
get control. History has proven that. All power corrupts; absolute power
"Socialism means slavery."
Lord Acton Misquoted On Politics
National Socialism Or International Socialism?
What real difference is there between Adolf's socialism and Lenin's? Apart from the slogans & the uniforms not a lot. The Bolsheviks murdered far more than little Adolf. The one significant difference is that international socialism has travelled better than the nationalist version but then it is marketed by the people with no land who wanted a land with no people - apart from hundreds of thousands of Palestinians. That is how "Israel" was born, by and for Zionist crazies. Jews are the Puppet Masters making wars. Was Adolf wrong about them?
Lenin Made Peasants Into Cannibals - Lenin Murdered 5 Million By Starving Them
That was his score in 1921 to 1922.
Did Lenin Betray The Russian Revolution?
Yes but then so did the Marxists; they ask the right question then avoid the answer. Their version of history names some of the Enemies Of The People.
Vladimir Lenin ex Metapedia
Vladimir Lenin, born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (12 April 1870 21 January 1924), was a Communist theorist, revolutionary, and, after the October Revolution, dictator of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and from 1922 dictator of the Soviet Union.
Despite positioning himself as "leader of the proletariat", he came from a wealthy background. Many of the Communist leaders were not Russians or were of mixed ancestry which may have contributed to the hostility of the Communist regime against the Russian people. This applies also to Lenin who had a mixed ancestry (see below).
Lenin's political repressions, Red Terror, slave labor (including labor camps which developed into the Gulag system), and mass starvation associated with his policy of "war communism" caused the deaths of many millions. In addition the Communists under his command committed many atrocities during the Russian Civil War and uprisings such as Kronstadt rebellion and peasant rebellions such as the Tambov Rebellion. How many died is disputed.
Aside from the violence in Russia/The Soviet Union, Lenin was also responsible for covertly or overtly inciting, supporting, and/or controlling large scale communist infiltration, terrorism, and revolutionary attempts/preparations in many foreign countries.
Lenin created Marxism-Leninism which as least initially was the state ideology of all Communist states and a major cause of the mass killings under Communist regimes. See also the Communism article. Trotskyism, a variant created by Lenin's associate Leon Trotsky, has been influential in many non-Communist countries. The atrocities and mass deaths during the regime of Lenin and Trotsky are relatively unknown to the general public with Trotskyists and other leftists often instead preferring to focus on criticizing Lenin's successor Stalin.
Lenin - A Biography by Robert Service
Tells us inter alia that Len was part Jew. Mr Service was telling us the truth about Soviet evil when a lot of liars were telling us the opposite. They still are.
Lenin's mother, Maria Alexandrovna, came from Jewish stock. This was an ancestry in which he always took a pride, regarding the Jews as a specially gifted race. After her husband's premature death from a suspected brain haemorrhage Maria became one of her son's main props, helping him to cope with the manifold pressures of a revolutionary's life. If Lenin's father had been obsessed with the weather -- 'wind, rain, sun and humidity were recorded by him' -- his children were preoccupied with the politics of the Russian Empire and, more importantly for posterity, with the destruction of the Romanovs.
Adolf made it by his own efforts. So did Lenin. Obama is a puppet put into power by the Puppet Masters, the pullers of strings.
Vladimir Lenin - A Biography
This one is sympathetic.
Lenin Was A Pretentious Waffler
Thus quoth Hendo. He suggests a look at MATERIALISM AND EMPIRIO-CRITICISM. It makes Das Kapital seem almost fun.
Lenin A View
It has a couple of worthwhile points.
Lenin Died Of Syphilis Says A Jew
Historians have long agreed that Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin suffered a series of three strokes that eventually led to his death. But new evidence has been uncovered that appears to show Lenin actually succumbed to the sexually transmitted disease, syphilis. The Soviets made huge attempts to cover up the real reasons for Lenin's erratic behaviour and sudden bouts of rage in the years leading up to his death in 1924. But now British [ Jew in fact - Editor ] author Helen Rappaport believes she has found evidence that proves Lenin suffered from endartitis luetica - neurosyphilis - a form of the disease that affects the brain. In papers held at Columbia University in New York, she has found a reference to the true nature of Lenin's disease made by the eminent Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov.
She presumes that he copped a dose from a whore in Paris.
Lenin's Mistress - Inessa Armand - Inessa Armand ex Wiki
One of the fascinating secrets that emerged when Russia opened up the Party Central archives was the influential role of Inessa Armand, Lenin's paramour and confidante. Michael Pearson (The Sealed Train) draws on declassified documents, family papers and interviews with Armand's descendants to piece together Lenin's Mistress: The Life of Inessa Armand. Fluent in four languages, an accomplished pianist and mother of four by her wealthy Muscovite husband, Armand was jailed a number of times for her own revolutionary activities. Pearson focuses mostly on the post revolutionary period, when Armand, close to both Lenin and his wife, was widely understood to be the most powerful woman in Moscow.
Betraying his wife would have been just one of those things to a cunning rogue like Lenin.
Quoted honestly? I know not but they sound right and indicate a depth of evil.
The Sealed Train
There is little doubt that his [ Lenin's ] decision for the immediate leap into the second stage of revolution was made after leaving Switzerland and before arriving in Russia.
It seems that the Sealed Train Job was a high risk operation for Lenin and Kaiser Wilhelm. Michael Pearson's book covers the ground and is on line.
Iskra ex Wiki
Iskra (Russian: И́скра, IPA: [ˈiskrə], Spark) was a political newspaper of Russian socialist emigrants established as the official organ of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP). Initially, it was managed by Vladimir Lenin, moving as he moved. The first edition was published in Leipzig, Germany, on December 1, 1900. Other editions were published in Munich (19001902) and Geneva from 1903. When Lenin was in London (19021903) the newspaper was edited from a small office at 37a Clerkenwell Green, EC1, with Henry Quelch arranging the necessary printworks.
In 1903, following the split of the RSDLP, Lenin left the staff (after his initial proposal to reduce the editorial board to three - himself, Julius Martov and Georgi Plekhanov - was vehemently opposed), the newspaper fell under the control of the Mensheviks and was published by Plekhanov until 1905. The average circulation was 8,000.
Iskra's motto was "Из искры возгорится пламя" ("From a spark a fire will flare up") a line from the reply Alexander Odoevsky wrote to the poem by Alexander Pushkin addressed to the anti-tsar Decembrists imprisoned in Siberia. Some of the staff were later involved in the Bolshevik revolution of October 1917.
Initial staff members:
- Vladimir Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov)
- Dmitri Ilyich Ulyanov, his younger brother
- Georgi Plekhanov
- Vera Zasulich
- Pavel Axelrod (Pinchas Borutsch)
- Julius Martov (Ilija Cederbaum)
- Aleksandr Potresov
Is a useful phrase attributed to Lenin. The Wikipedia denies it. This is evidence for the prosecution rather than the defence.
The idiots are still very much operational. So are the rogues.
What Is To Be Done ex Wiki
What Is to Be Done? Burning Questions of Our Movement (Russian: Что делать?, tr. Chto delat'?), is a political pamphlet written by the Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin in 1901 and published in 1902. Its title is inspired by the novel of the same name by the 19th century Russian revolutionary Nikolai Chernyshevsky.
In What Is to Be Done?, Lenin argues that the working class will not spontaneously become political simply by fighting economic battles with employers over wages, working hours and the like. To convert the working class to Marxism, Lenin insists that Marxists should form a political party, or "vanguard," of dedicated revolutionaries to spread Marxist political ideas among the workers. The pamphlet precipitated in part the split of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP) between Lenin's Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks.
In 1904 Leon Trotsky published his reply Our Political Tasks, observing that Lenin's approach will inevitably lead to a bloody takeover of the party by a dictator akin to the Reign of Terror in the French Revolution.
Lenin's Hanging Order ex Wiki
The topic of this article may not meet Wikipedia's general notability guideline.
The Hanging Order is a name given by the Library of Congress to Vladimir Lenin's telegram on suppressing the kulak revolt in the Penza Gubernia region. The telegram was addressed to Penza Communists Vasily Kurayev (Penza Soviet chairman), Yevgenia Bosch (the chairwoman of Penza Gubernia Party Committee) and Alexander Minkin (the chairman of Penza ispolkom) and dated 11 August 1918.Historical background
During the summer of 1918, many of Russia's central cities, including Moscow and Petrograd, were cut off from the grain-producing regions of Ukraine, northern Caucasus, and Siberia by the civil war. As a result, hundreds of thousands of people were on the brink of starvation. The Penza Gubernia was critical in providing food to the cities, but the government used drastic measures, such as prodrazvyorstka (forcible requisitioning), to collect grain from the peasants. The Central Committee sent Yevgenia Bosch to supervise grain collection.
A peasant revolt erupted in the Kuchkino Volost of Penza Uyezd on 5 August 1918, in opposition to requisitioning, and soon spread to neighbouring regions. While Penza Soviet chairman Kurayev opposed the use of military force and argued that propaganda efforts would be sufficient, Bosch insisted on using the military and mass executions. By 8 August 1918, Soviet forces had crushed the revolt, but the situation in the gubernia remained tense, and a revolt led by members of Socialist-Revolutionary Party erupted in the town of Chembar on 18 August. Lenin sent several telegrams to Penza demanding harsher measures in fighting these kulak, peasant and Left SR insurrectionists.The 11 August 1918 cable
In particular, one telegram (dated 11 August 1918) instructed the Communists operating in the Penza area to publicly hang at least one hundred kulaks, to publicize their names, to confiscate their grain, and to designate a number of hostages. Whether anyone was actually hanged according to this order remains unknown. On 19 August 1918, Lenin sent another telegram to Penza expressing exasperation and modifying his previous instructions:
Lenin's so-called "Hanging Order" was discussed during a controversy about the BBC documentary Lenin's Secret Files (1997) based upon Robert Service's findings in Soviet archives. This is Service's English translation of the Russian original:Footnotes
"Comrades! The insurrection of five kulak districts should be pitilessly suppressed. The interests of the whole revolution require this because 'the last decisive battle' with the kulaks is now under way everywhere. An example must be demonstrated.
- Hang (and make sure that the hanging takes place in full view of the people) no fewer than one hundred known landlords, rich men, bloodsuckers.
- Publish their names.
- Seize all their grain from them.
- Designate hostages in accordance with yesterday's telegram.
Do it in such a fashion that for hundreds of kilometres around the people might see, tremble, know, shout: "they are strangling, and will strangle to death, the bloodsucking kulaks".
Telegraph receipt and implementation.
Find some truly hard people"
Library of Congress Translation Loginov, Vladlen (1999). "Послесловие" [к сборнику "В. И. Ленин. Неизвестные документы. 1891-1922гг."]. Ленин В.И. Неизвестные документы. 1891-1922 гг (in Russian). Rospen. Retrieved 21 April 2010. Poluboyarov, Mikhail. Preface to Vasily Kurayev diary (in Russian). Lenin Collected Works, Progress Publishers, 1971, Moscow, Volume 36, page 489. "Telegram to Yevgenia Bosch" "An exchange of letters on the BBC documentary Lenin's Secret Files" Telegram to the Penza Gubernia Executive Committee of the Soviets in J. Brooks and G. Chernyavskiy's, p.77, Lenin and the Making of the Soviet State: A Brief History with Documents (2007). Bedford/St Martins: Boston and New York: p.77
- Translation of 'hanging order' by Robert Service, p. 365, Lenin a Biography (2000). London: Macmillan
Vladimir Lenin _ Project Gutenberg Self-Publishing - eBooks _ Read eBooks online.htm
Vladimir Lenin Explains Farming
We must show the peasants that the organisation of industry on the basis of modern, advanced technology, on electrification, which will provide a link between town and country, will put an end to the division between town and country, will make it possible to raise the level of culture in the countryside and to overcome, even in the most remote corners of land, backwardness, ignorance, poverty, disease, and barbarism.
Kulak ex Wiki
Kulaks "fist", by extension "tight-fisted"; kurkuls in Ukraine, also used in Russian texts (in Ukrainian contexts) were a category of affluent landlords in the later Russian Empire, Soviet Russia, and the early Soviet Union. The word kulak originally referred to independent farmers in the Russian Empire who emerged from the peasantry and became wealthy following the Stolypin reform, which began in 1906. The label of kulak was broadened in 1918 to include any peasant who resisted handing over their grain to detachments from Moscow. During 19291933, Stalin's leadership of the total campaign to collectivize the peasantry meant that "peasants with a couple of cows or five or six acres more than their neighbors" were being labeled "kulaks".................
According to the Soviet terminology, the peasants were divided into three broad categories: bednyaks, or poor peasants; serednyaks, or mid-income peasants; and kulaks, the higher-income farmers who had larger farms than most Russian peasants. In addition, they had a category of batraks, landless seasonal agriculture workers for hire.
The Stolypin reform created a new class of landowners by allowing peasants to acquire plots of land for credit from the large estate owners. They were to repay the credit (a kind of mortgage loan) from their farm work. By 1912, 16% of peasants (up from 11% in 1903) had relatively large endowments of over 8 acres (3.2 ha) per male family member (a threshold used in statistics to distinguish between middle-class and prosperous farmers, i.e., kulaks). At that time an average farmer's family had 6 to 10 children. The number of such farmers amounted to 20% of all rural courts, while their production level was reaching 50% of marketable grain.
After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Bolsheviks considered only batraks and bednyaks as true allies of the Soviets and proletariat. Serednyaks were considered unreliable, "hesitating" allies; and kulaks were identified as class enemies because they owned land (later this was expanded to include those who owned livestock; but a middle peasant who did not hire labor and was little engaged in trade, "might yet (if he had a large family) hold three cows and two horses." And there were other measures that indicated kulaks as not being especially prosperous. The average value of goods confiscated from kulaks during the policy of "dekulakization" (раскулачивание) at the beginning of the 1930s was only $90$210 (170400 rubles) per household. Both peasants and Soviet officials were often uncertain as to what constituted a kulak. They often used the term to label anyone who had more property than was considered "normal," according to subjective criteria, and personal rivalries played a part in the classification of enemies. Historian Robert Conquest argues:
The land of the landlords had been spontaneously seized by the peasantry in 191718. A small class of richer peasants with around fifty to eighty acres had then been expropriated by the Bolsheviks. Thereafter a Marxist conception of class struggle led to an almost totally imaginary class categorization being inflicted in the villages, where peasants with a couple of cows or five or six acres more than their neighbors were now being labeled "kulaks," and a class war against them declared.
During the summer of 1918, Moscow sent armed detachments to the villages in order to seize grain. Any peasant who resisted was labeled a 'kulak.' "The Communists declared war on the rural population for two purposes: to extract food for the cities and the Red Army and to insinuate their authority into the countryside, which remained largely unaffected by the Bolshevik coup." A large-scale revolt ensued. It was during this period, that Lenin sent a chilling telegram directive in August 1918 instructing: to "Hang (hang without fail, so the people see) no fewer than one hundred known kulaks, rich men, bloodsuckers. ... Do it in such a way that for hundreds of versts [kilometers] around the people will see, tremble, know, shout: they are strangling and will strangle to death the bloodsucker kulaks."
During the height of collectivization in the early 1930s, people identified as kulaks were subjected to deportation and extrajudicial punishment. They were often murdered in local violence; others were formally executed after conviction as kulaks.
In May 1929, the Sovnarkom issued a decree that formalised the notion of "kulak household" (кулацкое хозяйство). Any of the following defined a kulak:
- use of hired labor
- ownership of a mill, a creamery (маслобойня, butter-making rig), other processing equipment, or a complex machine with a mechanical motor
- systematic renting out of agricultural equipment or facilities
- involvement in trade, money-lending, commercial brokerage, or "other sources of non-labor income".
By the last item, any peasant who sold his surplus goods on the market could be automatically classified as a kulak. In 1930 this list was extended to include those who were renting industrial plants, e.g., sawmills, or who rented land to other farmers. At the same time, the ispolkoms (executive committees of local Soviets) of republics, oblasts, and krais were given rights to add other criteria for defining kulaks, depending on local conditions.
In July 1929 it remained official Soviet policy that the kulak should not be terrorised and should be enlisted into the collective farms. Joseph Stalin disagreed with this, saying, "Now we have the opportunity to carry out a resolute offensive against the kulaks, break their resistance, eliminate them as a class and replace their production with the production of kolkhozes and sovkhozes."
On 30 January 1930 the Politburo approved the dissolving of kulaks as a class. Three separate categories for the kulaks were designated: The first consisted of kulaks to be sent to the Gulags, the second was for kulaks to be relocated to distant parts of the USSR (such as the north Urals and Kazakhstan), and the third to other parts of their province.
As part of being forced onto collective farms, the peasantry were required to relinquish their farm animals to government authorities. Many peasants chose to slaughter their livestock rather than give them to collective farms. In the first two months of 1930, peasants killed millions of cattle, horses, pigs, sheep, and goats, with the meat and hides being consumed and bartered. For instance, the Soviet Party Congress reported in 1934 that 26.6 million head of cattle had been lost, and 63.4 million sheep. In response to the widespread slaughter, the Sovnarkom issued decrees to prosecute "the malicious slaughtering of livestock" (хищнический убой скота).
Stalin requested severe measures to put an end to the kulak resistance. In 1930, Stalin declared:
In order to oust the 'kulaks' as a class, the resistance of this class must be smashed in open battle and it must be deprived of the productive sources of its existence and development. ... That is a turn towards the policy of eliminating the kulaks as a class.
During 19291933, the grain quotas were placed artificially high. It became a cat and mouse game between the peasants and government officials, as peasants would attempt to hide grain and bury it. According to historian Robert Conquest, every brigade had someone with a long iron bar to probe the ground for grain caches, and peasants who did not show signs of hunger (whose bodies were not swollen) were especially suspected of hiding food. Conquest states:
When the snow melted true starvation began. People had swollen faces and legs and stomachs. They could not contain their urine... And now they ate anything at all. They caught mice, rats, sparrows, ants, earthworms. They ground up bones into flour, and did the same with leather and shoe soles ..
As Vasily Grossman explained, the activists who helped the GPU (the secret police) with arrests and deportations,
were all people who know one another well, and knew their victims, but in carrying out this task they became dazed, stupefied ... They would threaten people with guns, as if they were under a spell, calling small children 'kulak bastards,' screaming 'bloodsuckers!' ... They had sold themselves on the idea that that so-called 'kulaks' were pariahs, untouchables, vermin. They would not sit down at a 'parasite's' table; the 'kulak' child was loathsome, the young 'kulak' girl was lower than a louse ...
Party activists taking actions against the starving villagers found themselves confronting cognitive dissonance as they processed realities of the day through the prism of ideology. Lev Kopelev, who later became a Soviet dissident, explained the conditions:
It was excruciating to see and hear all of this. And even worse to take part in it. ... And I persuaded myself, explained to myself. I mustn't give in to debilitating pity. We were realizing historical necessity. We were performing our revolutionary duty. We were obtaining grain for the socialist fatherland. For the Five Year Plan ..
The overwhelming majority of kulaks executed and imprisoned were male, but precise numbers have been difficult to obtain. Stalin ordered that kulaks were "to be liquidated as a class" and this liquidation was considered by many historians to have resulted in the Soviet famine of 193233. This famine has complicated attempts to identify the number of deaths arising from the executions of kulaks. A wide range of death tolls has been suggested, from as many as 6 million suggested by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, whereas the much lower number of 700,000 deaths are estimated by Soviet sources. A collection of estimates is maintained by Matthew White.
According to data from Soviet archives, which were published only in 1990, 1,803,392 people were sent to labor colonies and camps in 1930 and 1931. Books based on these sources have said that 1,317,022 reached the destinations. The fate of the remaining 486,370 cannot be verified. Deportations on a smaller scale continued after 1931. The reported number of kulaks and their relatives who died in labor colonies from 19321940 was 389,521. Former "kulaks" and their families made up the majority of victims of the Great Purge of the late 1930s, with 669,929 arrested and 376,202 executed.
Errors & omissions, broken links,
cock ups, over-emphasis, malice [ real or imaginary ] or whatever; if
you find any I am open to comment.
Email me at Mike Emery. All financial contributions are cheerfully accepted. If you want to keep it private, use my PGP key. Home
Updated on Thursday, 17 August 2017 08:17:51