The Pope is the head of the Catholic Church. His headquarters are in Rome, or more precisely in the Vatican, which is inside Rome. Some Popes past and present follow:-
Was a woman and probably fictional. In one version she is alleged to have reigned between Leo IV and Benedict III in the 850s.
Pope Leo IV 847 - 855
He helped fight off Arab, Islamic(?) raiders. Some things don't change.
Pope Benedict III 855 - 858
Pope Urban II - 1088 – 1099 AD
Pope Urban II, born Otho de Lagery is best known for initiating the First Crusade.
Pope Adrian IV 1154 - 1159 AD
Born in England. Rarely there. Incited the Invasion of Ireland. Was he Catholic or Jew? Rerevisionist wonders - see Was The Pope A Catholic? The evidence is non-existent, just a feeling about the nature of the enemy.
Pope Pius V 1566 - 1572 AD
In 1570 he published Regnans in Excelsis, excommunicating Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. He also arranged the formation of the Holy League, an alliance of Catholic states to combat the advancement of the Ottoman Empire in Eastern Europe. Although outnumbered, the Holy League famously defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571. Pius V attributed the victory to the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary and instituted the feast of Our Lady of Victory. Biographers report that as the Battle of Lepanto ended, Pius rose and went over to a window, where he stood gazing toward the East. Then, turning around, he exclaimed "The Christian fleet is victorious!" and shed tears of thanksgiving. Now of course our rulers betray us, welcoming the enemy at the gates.
Pope Leo XIII - 1878 - 1903 AD
A decent man with a brain.
Pope Leo XIII is well known for intellectualism, the development of social teachings. He brought us his famous papal encyclical Rerum Novarum, which told us that Capitalism is bad but Socialism is worse, making false promises to the honest working man.
Pius X 1903 - 1914 AD
A profoundly decent man who followed traditional teachings. This is why the Society of Saint Pius X aka SSPX is named after him.
Pope Pius XI 1914 - 1922 AD
Pope Pius XI 1922 - 1939 AD
Pope Pius XII - 1939 - 1958 AD
Pope Pius XII, born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli was the Pope during the Nazi era and he has been accused of being indifferent at best to the fate of the Jews who came unstuck then. But Pius wrote Mit Brennender Sorge [ With Burning Care is my amateur translation ] in 1937, an encyclical which was unusual, if not unique because it was published first in German rather than Latin and told us thereby who it was written for. He wrote about the Nazi's breach of the Concordat with the German Reich (1933) and in favour of peace in Germany.
Pope John XXIII 1958 - 1963 AD
Pope Paul VI 1963 - 1978 AD
Pope John Paul II 1978 - 2005 AD
Spoke about the dangers of Propaganda He told us that Propaganda Machines Are Weapons Of War. It's not often noted that that a famous Catholic canonized saint gave speeches decrying war propaganda, which, as he put it, is "directed especially to the young."
The pope began with a strong rebuke of "stifling of all freedom through police control and the psychological conditioning resulting from the unilateral use of the media." He explained "totalitarianism destroys fundamental human freedoms and tramples upon human rights. Manipulating public opinion with the incessant pounding of its propaganda, it makes it easy to yield to the attraction of violence and weapons and in the end it overturns our human sense of responsibility." He continued "It is in fact characteristic of all totalitarian regimes to create an enormous propaganda machine in order to justify their own crimes...War gives rise to a propaganda which leaves no room for different interpretations, critical analysis of the causes of conflict, and the attribution of real responsibility."
See informed criticism from Maurice Pinay.
Pope John Paul I 2005 - 2005 AD - he lasted just 33 days
Pope Benedict XVI 2005 - 2013 AD
He delivered the Regensburg Address quoting an unfavorable remark about Islam made at the end of the 14th century by Manuel II Palaiologos, the Byzantine emperor..........
The controversial [ sic ] comment originally appeared in the 7th of the 26 Dialogues Held With A Certain Persian, the Worthy Mouterizes, in Anakara of Galatia, written in 1391 as an expression of the views of the Byzantine emperor Manuel II Palaiologos, one of the last Christian rulers before the Fall of Constantinople to the Muslim Ottoman Empire, on such issues as forced conversion, holy war, and the relationship between faith and reason. The passage, in the English translation published by the Vatican, was:
Show me just what Muhammad brought that was new and there you will find things only evil and inhuman, such as his command to spread by the sword the faith he preached.
Sounds fair to me. Also, to be fair the Islamics made fuss. They take their religion seriously. We don't.
PS One of Pope Benedict XVI's entourage was Fr. Patrick Desbois, a priest subverted by Zionist crazies.
Pope Francis 2013 - present day
Is the Pope a Catholic? Is he in deed, in thought a Catholic? You might have thought the answer is obvious. It certainly should be, but people who understand the issues have their doubts. Maurice Pinay is one. He knows the ground.
Was probably fictional, a woman who reigned as pope for a few years during the Middle Ages. Her story first appeared in chronicles in the 13th century and subsequently spread throughout Europe. The story was widely believed for centuries, but most modern scholars regard it as fictional.
The Communist Friends of the 'New World Pope'
Primitive communism is much like primitive Christianity but the former has done much evil, accounting for 85 million murders, See The Black Book of Communism on the point.
Is The Pope A Catholic? [ 5 April 2014 ]
This is usually asked as a rhetorical question. Now it is a real one. The issue of bears in the woods seems to be settled. If the Pope decides that Church doctrine can be jettisoned the Faithful might decide to take their loyalty elsewhere. Joe Stalin asked how many divisions the Pope had. We had the last laugh on that. However Antonio Gramsci, the leading intellectual of the communist party in Italy set up the attack on the Church as the main thrust of his offensive on Western Civilization. It is Cultural Marxism; it is winning the battle of ideas. The Church of England has been broken by infiltrators - see e.g. Bishop Is A Heretic Inciting Sodomy. The Long March Through The Institutions is paying off. The Main Stream Media are propaganda machines, just like the Education industry.